Wanaume tulofikisha miaka 40 tupime tezi dume tuache kujazana ujinga
January 30, 2016 § Leave a comment
Nimeona watu wanafanya mzaha juu njia ya kupima ukuaji wa tezi dume iitwayo DRE (Digital Rectal Examination) Tukumbumbuke tu kwamba si kila kukua Kwa tezi dume ni kansa. Kuna ile madaktari wanaita Benign Prostate Hyperplasia. Kuna dawa ya ku-control kwa sababu ikikua huminya kibofu Na kufanya uende haja ndogo mara Kwa mara. Niwasihi sana wanaume tuache myths za kijinga Na uoga usio Na maana. Matatizo ya tezi dume yakigundulika mapema hutibika. Kama mtu kafikisha miaka 40 Ni muhimu akapime na baada ya hapo daktari atakushauri uwe unapima kila baada ya muda gani.
Kuna njia tatu ninazozifahamu Za kupima tezi dume, tuzipitie kama nilivyozinukuu:
1. PSA blood test (nimeshafanya kipimo hiki ikiambatana Na cha ultrasound)
Maelezo kutoka UK Cancer research test ni Haya:
PSA is a protein produced by both normal and cancerous prostate cells. A high level of PSA can be a sign of cancer. But your PSA level can also be raised in prostate conditions that are not cancer (are benign) or if you have an infection. To check for PSA (prostate specific antigen), your doctor takes a sample of your blood. Your doctor may want to rule out a urine infection before carrying out a test. If you’ve had a urine infection, you shouldn’t have a PSA test for at least a month after your treatment finishes.
PSA is usually measured in nanograms per millilitre of blood (ng/ml). There is no one PSA reading that is considered normal. The reading varies from man to man and the normal level increases as you get older. But the following values are a rough guide
3 ng/ml or less is considered to be in the normal range for a man under 60 years old
4 ng/ml or less is normal for a man aged 60 to 69
5 ng/ml or less is normal if you are aged over 70.
A reading higher than these values but less than 10 ng/ml is usually due to a non cancerous (benign) enlargement of the prostate gland. A reading higher than 10 ng/ml may also be caused by benign prostate disease, but the higher the level of PSA, the more likely it is to be cancer. Sometimes a cancer may be diagnosed in a man with a PSA reading within the normal range. But usually, the higher the reading, the more likely it is to be cancer.
Some men have PSA levels in the hundreds (or even thousands) when they are diagnosed. The higher the level of PSA at diagnosis, the more likely the cancer is to spread quickly.
PSA blood tests are also used to monitor how well prostate cancer treatment works or to decide whether you need treatment. If your PSA is stable, it is a sign that a cancer is not growing or spreading. Successful treatment shrinks cancer and so the PSA level in the blood then falls.
2. Rectal examination (nadhani ndo wanaume tunachokiogopa)
Maelezo yake kutoka chanzo kilekile Ni Haya:
Your doctor puts a gloved finger into your back passage (rectum) to feel your prostate gland and check for abnormal signs, such as a lumpy, hard prostate. Doctors call this test a digital rectal examination (DRE).
Mchoro unaonyesha tezi dume ilipo nimeambatanisha. Ukiangalia huo mchoro uatajua Kwa nini madaktari hutumia njia hii ya DRE (Digital Rectal Examination) kupima.
3. Rectal ultrasound (hii hasa ni kuchunguza tezi dume kitu Kama ukubwa wake)
You may have a rectal ultrasound scan to examine the prostate gland. It is called a trans rectal ultrasound (TRUS). You will need to make sure you have had a bowel movement beforehand so that your rectum is empty when you go for your appointment.
Your doctor puts a small ultrasound device into your back passage. It produces sound waves to create a clear picture of the prostate gland. This test is uncomfortable, but shouldn’t hurt. It does not take long.